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Guidance for Developers - Waste Collection and Street Cleaning

In addition to the following specific guidance, reference should be made to the widely accepted 2010 publication by ADEPT - Making Space for Waste.

  1. Access and Vehicle Specifications
  2. Container Specifications per Individual Household
  3. Household Storage
  4. External Storage
  5. Street Cleansing
  6. Construction Phase

1. Access and Vehicle Specifications

Item

WDBC
Service Requirements

Extent of highway adoption

The collection service operates on adopted highway only. Collections are not made from private roads or parking areas.

Extent of adopted highway accessible to collection vehicles should be related to lengths of carry from properties to collection point. Max 15m, as per British Standard 5906. Extent of intended highway adoption to be indicated on drawings.

Collection points

Collection points for recycling (including food and garden waste) and refuse must be at nearest point on the adopted highway. Every effort should be made to locate a property's collection point at the front of the property rather than at the rear or side. It is not generally acceptable to accumulate waste sacks and containers for collection outside other properties or on street corners etc. and must be accessible without needing to pass through arches. Collection points from 'mews' should be avoided wherever possible.

Collection points for each property to be indicated on drawings.

Communal collection points

It may be necessary to construct communal collection points that collection vehicles can access. This may apply to detached and terraced houses as well as flats/apartments.

Drawings should clearly indicate communal collection points and that they are sufficient to accommodate all containers from the relevant properties.

Engineering standards

Collection vehicle max laden weight is 26 tonnes. Highway surfaces including block paved must be designed to support 26 tonnes. Paving block thickness must exceed 80mm. Where communal bin stores are outlined for flats/apartments, there must be appropriate drop kerbs for the manoeuvring of bulk refuse bins to the collection vehicle.

Width of carriageway

Max width of vehicles in use is 2.55 m excluding wing mirrors

Cornering radii

Max overall length of collection vehicles is 10m. Max wall to wall turning circle is 20.42m. 5m is a recommended minimum street width. Overrun areas may be needed on curves and corners.

Residential parking

Sufficient off highway parking to discourage any parking on footways, and to give a clear carriageway width to accommodate 2.55m max collection vehicle width excluding wing mirrors. Off highway parking should be maximised.

Turning heads

Vehicles must be able to turn at the road end and egress forwards. Reversing is not acceptable. Max wall to wall turning circle of vehicles is 20.42 m


2. Container Specifications Per Individual Household

Type and number

Dimensions (length x breadth x height)

Unlimited number of black refuse sacks or equivalent bags or bins which householder provides.
Private traditional style dustbins are acceptable. Materials in bins to be bagged.

Standard sizes.

2 x boxes for dry recyclables

55 litre each. 600 x 420 x 370 mm

1 x reusable sack for dry recyclables

70 litre each. 400 x 400 x 450 mm

1 x kitchen caddy for food waste (internal storage)

7 litre each. 245 x 200 x 220 mm

1 x kerbside caddy for food waste (external)

23 litre each. 34 x 320 x 405 mm

4 x garden waste dumpty bags90 litre each 450 x 480 x 480 mm

3. Household Storage

Item

WDBC
Service Requirements

Refuse

Collected every other week.
Need secure storage for two weeks'
refuse in householder's sacks/containers.
Please show storage area at
detailed application stage.    

Dry recyclables

Collected weekly. Separated at source.
Space for 2 x 55ltr boxes and
one reusable 70ltr sack
per household.
Please show storage area at
detailed application stage.

Food waste

Collected weekly. Separated
at source.
Space in kitchen for
small 7ltr caddy.
Space for one larger
21ltr caddy to be
placed on the street
for collection.
Please show storage area at
detailed application stage.

Garden waste

Collected every other week.
Separated at source.
Allow space for four
90ltr garden waste bags.
While this is a subscription
service all properties with gardens
should have storage space
available for the sacks.
Please show storage area
at detailed application stage.


4. External Storage

Item

WDBC
Service Requirements

General external household storage. Containers as per section 3

Storage locations on the property should not be more than 30m from the point of collection.

Passage of a container from store to collection point should avoid steps, but where unavoidable should be over no more than 3 steps.

Gradients over which containers must be carried should not exceed 1 in 12.

Containers should not have to be moved through a building from store to collection point.

Communal collection points for residential low rise

If required due to site layout and access, they must be well placed for collection, in line with carrying distances, well designed for function and appearance, accessible without the need to pass through arches. Shared ongoing cleaning and maintenance must be put in place.

Provide details and locations if applicable.

Communal collection points for flats/apartments

Must be well placed for collection, in line with carrying distances, well designed for function and appearance. Shared ongoing cleaning and maintenance must be put in place. Shared containers for different materials may be an option.

Provide details and locations if applicable.

Garden waste

Provision for home composting should be made in all dwellings with a garden. An area of 2m x 1m should be allocated, with suitable drainage. Provide details.


5. Street Cleansing

Item

WDBC
Service Requirements

Extent of highway adoption

The council has a duty to clean adopted highway only.

For unadopted areas, shared ongoing cleaning and maintenance must be put in place.

Width of carriageway

Vehicle movement space is within that needed for waste collection vehicles (stated in section 1).

Corner radii

Vehicle movement space is within that needed for waste collection vehicles (stated in section 1).

Turning heads

Vehicle movement space is within that needed for waste collection vehicles (stated in section 1).

Residential parking

Parking on streets and footways makes cleaning difficult or impossible and costly. Off highway parking should be maximised.

Paving materials

The requirement is for a long term pleasing appearance. Street sweepers using suction can remove sand from paviour joints and therefore cannot be used to give a thorough clean. Pale colours become stained with vehicle oils which are beyond the scope of local authority cleansing.

Consider the practicality of cleaning and the long term appearance when choosing paving materials and colours.


6. Construction Phase

Item

WDBC
Service Requirements

Collection of recycling and refuse

The Council requires the developer to facilitate the collection of the full range of recycling and refuse materials from the time of first occupation by a householder. This to include as necessary:-

Ensuring access for standard collection vehicles on the allocated day, over an acceptable surface, without obstruction from tradesmen's vans or other site works.

OR

The developer makes arrangements to collect the materials on behalf of householders and present them on collection day at an agreed access point for the collection vehicles.

New householder arrangements

The developer is to contact the Council and make arrangements to hold a stock of the appropriate containers and householder instructions, and to distribute them to each new occupant.

Street cleansing

No Council street cleansing will start until the adoption of the highway is completed and the Council has been notified by Devon County Council that the Maintenance Period has ended.

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